Macedo E, Mehta RL.; Curr Opin Crit Care. 2013 Dec;19(6):560-6.

Purpose of review: Alterations in kidney function are common in critically ill patients and are generally assessed by changes in serum creatinine (sCr) or urine output, which are considered surrogates for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) but do not reflect the overall kidney function. There is a great need for more reliable measurements of glomerular filtration in order to guide diagnosis and therapy for acute kidney injury. In this review, we will focus on recent advances to measure GFR that could help to better evaluate kidney function and improve patient care.

Recent findings: Standardized assays for sCr measurements, the use of a more precise scale with more frequent measurements, and the interpretation of the results based on patient's characteristics can increase the clinical value of sCr. New endogenous and exogenous markers will provide a more precise estimation. Imaging techniques are being developed and will probably be available in the near future. New gold standards for glomerular filtration will help in the development and improvement in the use of new biomarkers of kidney injury.

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