Lee B, Michaels MG.: Curr Opin Crit Care. 2014 Aug;20(4):420-5.

Purpose of review: This review summarizes recent updates in the prevention of infections in solid organ transplant patients using antimicrobial prophylaxis that are pertinent for the intensive care physician.

Recent findings: Several key trends are highlighted. These include the use of the most appropriate and cost-effective agents for the prevention of infections, such as for surgical site infections and hepatitis B virus; refinements in approaches to risk stratification for cytomegalovirus infections; and the identification of ongoing areas of need, such as for the prevention of fungal infections in lung transplantation.

Summary: Some infectious risks with transplantation can be anticipated and preventive strategies can be instituted to improve the health and outcome of the transplant recipient.

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