February 16, 2012, 9:00 am；By DANIELLE OFRI, M.D.
＂to create a new law in 2010 ..... : if two patients have identical medical needs for an organ transplant, priority will be given to the patient who has signed a donor card, or whose family member has donated an organ in the past. ＂..... "The consent rate from families ...... has ...... increased, and the number of organs available for patients ...... increased ....... Transplants ...... increased by more than 60 percent ......"
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is informing the public that the use of stomach acid drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be associated with an increased risk of Clostridium difficile - associated diarrhea (CDAD)...
2011 Nov 7 - Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: patients with myasthenia gravis may risk increased muscle weakness
Patients with a rare condition known as myasthenia gravis who take a fluoroquinolone antibiotic may risk a worsening of their symptoms, including muscle weakness or breathing problems.
2001 Oct 25 - FDA Drug Safety Communication: Voluntary market withdrawal of Xigris [drotrecogin alfa (activated)] due to failure to show a survival benefit
Information from the FDA website: [10-25-2011] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is informing healthcare professionals and the public that on October 25, 2011, Eli Lilly and Company announced a worldwide voluntary market withdrawal of Xigris [drotrecogin alfa (activated)]. In a recent study, Xigris failed to show a survival benefit for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
Nelson RL, Kelsey P, Leeman H, Meardon N, Patel H, Paul K, Rees R, Taylor B, Wood E, Malakun R.; Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Sep 7;9:CD004610.
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is recognized as a frequent cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and colitis.
2011 Jun - Blood pressure during resuscitation in man-The effect of pause during rhythm analysis revisited
Hoppu S, Sainio M, Huhtala H, Eilevstjønn J, Tenhunen J, Olkkola KT.; Resuscitation. 2011 Jun 17. [Epub ahead of print]
AIMS: This study reports invasive arterial pressures before and after the rhythm analysing pauses during CPR and evaluates the possible association of the quality of CPR and the length of the pause with blood pressure around the pause.
These guidelines have been developed for healthcare personnel who insert intravascular catheters and for persons responsible for surveillance and control of infections in hospital, outpatient, and home healthcare settings.
本港昨日再多3名市民確診感染H1N1流感（俗稱豬流感），... 全部情况危殆，在深切治療部（ICU）接受治療 .... 3人要用俗稱「人工肺」的體外膜氧合器來幫助呼吸。由於全港目前只有8部「人工肺」...
2011 Jan 19 - HKU study: convalescent plasma treatment crucial for patient with severe H1N1 2009 infection
The cohort study demonstrated that plasma treatment significantly reduced mortality in patients with severe pandemic H1N1 2009 infection (treatment group: 54.8% vs control group 20.0%, p < 0.01). It significantly lowered the day 3-7 respiratory tract viral load and cytokine level when compared with the control group (p < 0.05).
2010 Dec - New molecular and surrogate biomarker-based tests in the diagnosis of bacterial and fungal infection in febrile neutropenic patients [Review]
Chen SC, Kontoyiannis DP.; Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2010 Dec;23(6):567-77.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prompt diagnosis of infection in febrile neutropenia hosts with hematological malignancy is essential in directing therapy. We highlight experience using modern molecular and biomarker-based methods to diagnose bacterial and fungal bloodstream infections and invasive aspergillosis in these patients.
BACKGROUND: Eclampsia, the occurrence of a seizure in association with pre-eclampsia, remains a rare but serious complication of pregnancy. A number of different anticonvulsants have been used to control eclamptic fits and to prevent further seizures.
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Hand hygiene is regarded as an effective preventive measure.
BACKGROUND: In experimental studies, the outcome of bacterial meningitis has been related to the severity of inflammation in the subarachnoid space. Corticosteroids reduce this inflammatory response.
A case of locally acquired dengue fever involving a 46-year-old man was confirmed by Public Health Laboratory Service Branch of the Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today (September 22).
2010 Sep 1 - FDA Drug Safety Communication: Increased risk of death with Tygacil (tigecycline) compared to other antibiotics used to treat similar infections
Quoted from the US FDA: "The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reminding healthcare professionals of an increased mortality risk associated with the use of the intravenous antibacterial Tygacil (tigecycline) compared to that of other drugs used to treat a variety of serious infections. The increased risk was determined using a pooled analysis of clinical trials. The cause of the excess death in these trials is often uncertain, but it is likely that most deaths in patients with these severe infections were related to progression of the infection."
CHP attaches great importance to antibiotic resistant bacteria
A spokesman for the Centre for Health Department (CHP) of the Department of Health today (August 13) said CHP attached great importance to an overseas report concerning the emergence of new antibiotic resistant organisms harbouring New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1).